Wood and leather prosthetic toe used to facilitate walking, dated 950-710 BC. Found on a female mummy near Luxor. Source: (BBC)

Ancient Egyptians were at the forefront of medicine. They are regarded as the first formal civilization to document practiced medicine. The Egyptian word for doctor is “wabau”(meaning ritually pure). There were many specialities in Egyptian medicine, including what is known as modern day dentists, ophthalmologists, and proctologists.