The Higgs boson has long been thought the key to resolving the mystery of the origin of mass. If physicists confirm that the Higgs boson exists, the discovery would also confirm that the Higgs mechanism for particles to acquire mass is correct. And, it may offer clues to the next mystery down the line, which is why individual particles have the masses that they do.
The Standard Model is the reigning theory of particle physics that describes the universe’s very small constituents.
Every particle predicted by the Standard Model has been discovered — except one: the Higgs boson.
Discovering the Higgs boson would also help explain how two of the fundamental forces of the universe — the electromagnetic force that governs interactions between charged particles, and the weak force that’s responsible for radioactive decay — can be unified.
Another theory that would be affected by the discovery of the Higgs is called supersymmetry. This idea posits that every known particle has a “superpartner” particle with slightly different characteristics.
The Large Hadron Collider is the world’s largest particle accelerator. It was built for around $10 billion by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) to probe higher energies than had ever been reached on Earth. Finding the Higgs boson was touted as one of the machine’s biggest goals.
Can’t wait for this announcement, and the possibilities it brings with it. The specific results of the experiments themselves should be quite interesting.